SOLVIVA
How to Grow $500,000 on One Acre,
and Peace on Earth


Learning the Art of Living, with Solar-Dynamic Bio-Benign Design

Revealing the Truth
about How We Can Provide Electricity, Heating, Cooling, Transportation, Food, Solid Waste and Wastewater Management
in Ways that Reduce Pollution and Depletion by 80% or more,
and also Reduce Cost of Living and Improve Quality of Life.

by Anna Edey

Trailblazer Press 1998, ISBN 0-9662349-0-1.  224 pages, 155 color photographs + other illustrations.
Price:$35. See below for quantity discounts.
RFD 1 Box 582, Vineyard Haven, MA 02568   Tel: (508) 693-3341, Fax: (508) 693-2228, solviva@vineyard.net

Ladybug


Ladybug
Solviva Home Page  |  Solviva Book  |  Reviews & Comments
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Book 2 - Choosing for Our Lives  |  Yarn & Sweaters
  Recommended Reading & Documentaries

Ladybug


Ladybug

SECTIONS OF THE BOOK SOLVIVA:
Table of Contents  ||  Introduction  ||  Some current realities   ||  A visit to Solviva
How I got on the path of seeking better ways to live... ||  Wastewater Management
Greyburg or Greendale: where would you rather live?

HOW I GOT on THE PATH of SEEKING BETTER WAYS to LIVE
and
WHAT I DISCOVERED ALONG THE WAY.
( a chapter from the book Solviva)

When I was a child growing up in Sweden, Mother Nature was my best friend. I roamed over hills, through meadows and along pristine stream beds, intimately learning the names and habits of wildflowers, trees and insects. The forests were deep, misty and fragrant, carpeted with spongy mosses and furnished with giant boulders. Lured by the beauty and mystery, I glanced over my shoulder with pounding heart, fearing/hoping for the appearance of the trolls and fairies I knew so well from storybooks. I knew where the mushrooms would pop up after a rain, which could kill you and which were safe and delicious. I knew when the wild strawberries and blueberries would ripen in the dappled birch glens.

My mother kept houseplants blooming and climbing in every window, and I soon did the same. I had gardening grandmothers, each with her own paradise, one in the city, the other in the country. The one in the city gathered horse "pears" from the streets (there were still plenty of horse-drawn carts), the one in the country got manure from the neighboring farm, and each garden resulted in a glorious succession of flowers, vegetables, fruits and berries. I joined the birds and the wasps in search of the ripest cherries and plums, pears and apples, gooseberries, currants and strawberries: abundance without any toxic sprays.

I grew up with relatively clean air and surroundings, in a society with minimal crime or social strife, poverty or unemployment. Design was sensible, efficient and attractive. There were no billboards. The few cars were small, there were no traffic jams, and you could go anywhere with public transportation.
Thus, I was quite shocked when I came to America in 1957 as a young bride, complete with my looms and other weaving equipment.

Looking at the memory album in my mind of my life in New Jersey, New York City and Long Island, I see snapshots of gigantic cars sporting tons of chromed fins and fangs, clogging eight-lane highways lined with billboards telling me I'd be happier if I drank this or smoked that. Beyond, I see acres of parking lots, and suburban housing developments with thousands of identical homes with picture windows looking across the street into the neighbor's identical picture window, not a tree in sight. Live now, pay later.
I see forests of chimneys spewing out thick smoke of all different colors, and oil-slicked, trash-filled rivers and harbors belching foul odors.
I see degrading poverty and despair in one block contrasted with ostentatious wealth in the next.
On television I see fire hoses, clubs and snarling dogs attacking people requesting equal rights to voting, education, seating on buses and lunch counters.
I see the pinkest hot dogs, the yellowest mustard and thegreenest relish: food coloring in everything.
I see myself in New York City, nauseated from breathing the air and drinking the water, both fouled with toxic substances.
I see people gardening and farming in dead soil with chemicals from a bag and foul-smelling liquids from bottles marked "poison".
I see my first child being born in 1958, while I fight for my right to be awake at the birth, my husband not allowed to attend, and I see the nurses labeling me uncivilized and unsanitary because I insist on breast-feeding my baby.
I see myself waking up one dawn, while summering in Edgartown, Martha's Vineyard, by a screaming roar coming up the road. I rush into the bedroom that faces the street, where my babies are waking up from fright, just in time to see a sickening cloud billowing in through the open window, filling our lungs, coating our skin: DDT for mosquito control.
I see us taking a walk along the Charles River in Boston, and one of my little daughters trips and slips in up to her knee. She is dripping with unspeakably stinky black ooze as I whisk her up and rush to find a place to clean her off.
I see people building fallout shelters, preparing for The Bomb to fall, furnishing them with food, water and blankets, and guns to prevent anyone else from getting into their shelter.
I see myself buying canned and powdered milk, because fresh milk was contaminated with Strontium 90, fallout from atmospheric testing of nuclear bombs.

For a young woman from a clean and nature-loving country, where peace and justice prevailed, the United States was not a good experience in the late 50s. I had never imagined that human beings could be capable of such carelessness and brutality against self, others and Nature.

Then came the 60s with its powerful revolt against waste, materialism, racism, militarism, sexism, and destruction of our planet. Rachel Carson sounded the alarm about pesticides with Silent Spring. It felt as if things could not get much worse and that the times "they were a-changin'."

Yet evidence indicates that since then, in spite of a tremendous rise in right action and awareness and a great deal of improvements, many social, health, economic, resource and environmental conditions in the United States and around the world have deteriorated faster than they have improved. Alas, the same is true in Sweden. Thus, the current costly, polluting, wasteful conventional systems, and the bureaucracy and regulations that enforce them, have us trapped in what many consider to be a hopeless downward spiral towards unimaginable disasters.

In 1972 our family moved year?round to Martha's Vineyard, in search of a simpler, more harmonious lifestyle. We designed a home and built it with sincere but novice carpenters. We installed a Franklin stove for wood heating and a beautiful old kerosene heater. For backup heating we chose electric baseboard heaters because of low installation costs and promises of cheap, clean and reliable electricity.
Unfortunately, our hopes for a more harmonious life did not survive the stress of building a house. Soon our marriage broke up, and I was a single woman living with my three daughters in an isolated, drafty and poorly built house, facing the problems of a harsh winter.

In late 1973 the first oil embargo hit. The cost of oil skyrocketed and with it the cost of electricity. Kerosene became unavailable, and the Franklin stove became the sole provider of heat. However, the limited supplies of seasoned firewood in our community were snapped up within days after the start of the embargo. Unseasoned wood tripled in price and made a poor heat source, even when I supplemented it with deadwood that I laboriously gathered from the forests.

The gasoline crisis was just as severe, as it became close to impossible to buy any gas at all. I'll never forget the bitter cold morning I got up before 5 a.m., hours before dawn, to get in line at the gas station in order to ensure myself of a tankful of gas. But 52 cars had already gotten there before me, and many more joined behind. The temperature was minus 4 degrees F, with a fierce windchill factor. The cars formed a long line snaking far down the road, snorting exhaust fumes and wasting gas as the cold, stiff, hungry, worried occupants kept engines running in order to avoid hypothermia. Finally at 7 a.m. the gas station opened, and the cars began to inch toward the pumps. By 8 a.m. I got close enough to see a sign that read "3 gallon limit", but much worse was the sign that suddenly was placed two cars ahead of me: "No more gas today. Come back tomorrow".

This crisis of heating and transportation went on week after agonizing week. And yet, what happened on the Vineyard was minor compared to many other places across the United States where some people froze to death and food stores were emptied of vital supplies as people hoarded and no trucks came to replenish stocks. There were violent protests, strikes and blockades.
And then the whole mess was repeated in 1979.

The oil embargoes of the 70s were indeed shocking and frightening, profoundly threatening our sense of security. They provided a vivid demonstration of the danger of being dependent on foreign resources. All across the United States people were painfully affected as severe shortages and spiraling costs of oil and gasoline devastated their lives and economies at all levels.

In addition to the oil embargoes there were many environmental disasters. The oil tanker Torrey Canyon went aground in the English Channel, spilling millions of gallons of oil that ruined the ecology and economy for hundreds of miles of British and French coastlines. Another tanker went aground in Nantucket Sound right close to Martha's Vineyard, but by an incredible stroke of luck the wind blew the oil out to sea instead of onto our beaches and estuaries. There were oil well blowouts off the coast of Santa Barbara, in the North Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico. Later, 11 million gallons of crude oil spilled from the grounded Exxon Valdez, and it is reported that tenfold that amount is spilled annually in many smaller oil spills around the world.

Yet, we now use more oil than ever and are more dependent than ever on foreign oil. In fact, over 50 percent of U.S. oil consumption is imported, about half of that from the Persian Gulf region. The Gulf War of 1991 showed us the extreme danger, destruction, expense and suffering that is associated with that dependence.

Terrifying evidence, from Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, the Hanford Nuclear Waste Facility, and many hundreds of other actual or near?catastrophic incidents around the world, demonstrates the dangers of nuclear power, weapons and wastes.

There were increasing findings of polluted groundwater, ponds and lakes. Evidence showed that the major culprits were nitrogen and phosphorus, and although the blame was placed on laundry detergents, shorebirds and agricultural and landscaping fertilizers, there was mounting evidence that the major cause was actually human waste flushed through conventional septic and sewage systems.

Although some areas such as Lake Erie and the Charles River have indeed greatly improved, in these past 20 years groundwater and surface water has in many places continued to deteriorate. In Iowa, for instance, where most of the water pollution is caused by agricultural pesticides and fertilizers, over 40 percent of the groundwater is no longer safe to drink. When I visited Fairfield, Iowa, a few years ago, I was warned not to drink the tap water. I thought it would be safe to take a bath in it, but the water smelled so repulsive that I reluctantly took a quick shower instead.

I began to fear that it was perhaps inevitable that we would face unimaginable horrors within the foreseeable future and that humanity would foolishly drive itself and most of Earth's other wondrous creatures into extinction, either through freezing, starvation, and rampant disease, or with a global nuclear war caused by competition for our planet's land, water, minerals, oil and other limited resources.
But while I became increasingly aware and pessimistic about the problems, I was also finding out about possible solutions. Among the most important discoveries for me was the New Alchemy Institute on Cape Cod. Here a group of down-to-arth scientists had started in the early 70s to create a showcase of sustainable recycling design. They were making compost out of kitchen and garden wastes, growing worms in the compost, feeding the worms to fish grown in tanks, and then feeding the fish to people. They were using the "dirty" fish water for irrigating the gardens, which resulted in magnificent vegetables, and finally they completed the cycle by putting wastes from the garden and kitchen into the compost.
They were employing beneficial insects for controlling harmful insects and using windmills for pumping water and aerating the fisk tanks. They were using water and rocks as mass for storing the heat of the sun in greenhouses, and keeping flowers and vegetables, even bananas, alive through record?cold winters, without any backup heat.

I had long been nurturing my own compost and organic gardens and had read about experiments in recycling, nonpolluting, sustainable design around the world, but seeing it actualized comprehensively and beautifully was believing it, and I yearned to adopt such methods. In the late 70s three major catalysts combined in my life to deepen my yearning and create the opportunity for transforming my dreams into reality.


CATALYST No.1 ... YOU'RE-IN-CHARGE

The first catalyst for major positive change in my life happened in 1977. By that time I had moved out of the house where my marriage broke apart and into a cozy little cottage in a clearing in the woods. This was a pristine paradise next to a marsh, among huge old hickory, beetlebung and oak trees, inhabited by birds, frogs, ferns and flowers, and filled with magic sounds and fragrances. Here I made the first of many startling discoveries that led me to believe that the situation for humanity and other life on Earth is anything but hopeless.

To some it may seem inappropriate and shocking to start out the list of these discoveries with a story about urine, but this is indeed how I first awoke to the fact that there may be ways of living sustainably. It truly surprised me when I discovered that this substance, so taboo and polluting in our society, is actually an excellent fertilizer. "You're-in-charge" began to put me in charge of my destiny.

This simple little cottage had no indoor plumbing and for the first year not even an outhouse. We managed, surprisingly happily actually, with boards placed securely over a hole dug into the ground at the base of a grove of tall elegant hickory trees. This was down a path a little distance from the cottage. Although we sometimes dreaded the trip out, we always came back happy from that outing no matter what the weather was like, rain, snow or shine. There was always some great Nature Show going on close by: a bird singing to us, or an ant trundling a stick four times its own size over the rough terrain of the forest floor, or sunshine sparkling on a perfect spider web draped with dewdrop diamonds. Anyone who has ever camped out in the wilderness can relate to this.

For peeing we usually stayed in the cottage, using a pot designated for this purpose, a technology ubiquitous in all sectors of society until so recently. Knowing that dog urine can kill grass and bushes, we disposed of our urine by first diluting it with water, about 1:10, then tossing it out here and there in order to avoid any damage and odors.

It never did smell, but I was in no way prepared for what followed when spring burst forth after that first winter. The first indication was from the wild lilies-of-the-valley that soon carpeted the forest floor. Here and there were patches of significantly healthier and larger plants. Then there was the little stunted bleeding-heart plant I had adopted and planted the previous fall. It quickly grew into an exceptionally large and splendid specimen which was amazing enough, but I really began to wonder what was going on when it then proceeded to bloom way past its normal stopping time in mid-July. In fact, it bloomed continuously up until frost took it in late fall.


Peace-on-Earth

Extraordinary Pokeberry nourished with urine power.


Indian poke plants, normally no more than 5 feet tall, grew to over 10 feet tall, reaching half way up the second floor window. The spirea blossomed into the most extraordinary bridal bouquet display. These and other unusually vibrant patches of plants, such as St. Johnswort, Queen Anne's lace and black-eyed Susan, formed roughly a circle around the cottage, and I soon realized that these were the places where we had tossed the diluted urine. Could it be that this waste product was not just an ecological menace, but could actually be a beneficial fertilizer?

Most intriguing of all was the kinship and communication I sensed withthese plants. The waste molecules from my body were being absorbed as nutrients by the living plants. I felt reincarnated while I was still alive. This liquid soon inspired new names: Peace-on-Earth... Urine-charge... You're-in-harmony... Aqua Vitae....

I started using this golden elixir purposefully, with astonishing results, as is evident in the photographs. As an experiment, I sowed some lettuce seeds directly into a growing medium of plain peat moss (practically void of any nutrients) and provided only diluted urine and a sprinkling of wood ashes as nutrients. These grew into full-sized healthy (and delicious) lettuce heads.

I began to understand some of the language of the plants. To describe the physical signs and the process in a greatly simplified way: when green leaves turn toward yellow-green, it means the plant needs more nitrogen. I then apply diluted urine, and within a day or two it begins to
respond by becoming greener and more lush. At the first sign of the green turning bluish, accompanied by a subtle shrinking, closing attitude which means "enough nitrogen for now, thanks", I withhold the diluted urine until the plant goes through the bright?green full-open stage and begins to return to yellow-green again. Depending on the speed with which the plant is growing, the cycle is about two to six weeks.

I learned the hard way not to overdo it, especially with potted plants. One actually died from overdose. But there were only a few failures among the many plants that thrived. A friend lamented over a small maidenhair fern which had not grown one new leaf since she had bought it a year earlier. I suggested applying Peace-on-Earth, and after a month she reported that the plant now had five new leaves, more than twice the number it had before.

I went in search of information about the nutrient content of human urine, but could find nothing in the literature. Finally I found something, in a book that quickly got on my list of Most-Important-Reading: THE INTEGRAL URBAN HOUSE by Olkowski et al. of the Farrallones Institute in California, published by Sierra Club Books. Here a chart states that urine contains, by dry weight: 15 to 19 percent nitrogen (far higher than any animal manure), 2.5 to 5 percent phosphorus, 3 to 4.5 percent potassium, and 4.5 to 6 percent calcium. No wonder the plants were responding so happily.

The output of nitrogen per average person is about 10 pounds a year, over 6 pounds in the urine and another 4 pounds in the feces. As stated earlier, conventional septic systems release most of this nitrogen into the ground water, and this nitrogen then seeps unabated with the groundwater toward the nearest down-gradient body of water, whether 50 feet or ten miles away. There it causes massive algae infestations which have a disastrous effect on the ecosystem of ponds, lakes, rivers and harbors.

Urine is usually sterile (unlike fecal matter, which always contains many kinds of harmful pathogens, such as staphylococcus and streptococcus, even from a healthy person), and therefore it appears that your own urine can be safely used for growing your own food. For a couple of years, before starting to produce vegetables to sell, I used no fertilizer other than diluted urine and ashes from the woodstove (using wood and waste paper as fuel) with great success, as the photographs demonstrate. Ashes, on the alkaline side of the pH scale, balance out the pH of the urine, which needs to be slightly acidic in order to avoid urinary tract infections. The alkaline ashes also help precipitate out the salts in the urine, so that they do not accumulate to harmful levels in the soil. In addition, ashes provide extra potassium as a plant nutrient.


Over 200 full-grown onions on one square yard and only urine as fertilizer.

200 onions in 7 braids lasted through the winter
However, I realized after some time that using just urine and ashes was not providing the soil with the"fodder" contained in compost, which is needed to keep up a high humus content, and this would eventually lead to a downturn in garden productivity. Compost, made from a mix of manure, food wastes, leaves and clippings, shredded paper, sawdust and other organic "roughage", enriches the soil with humus, so essential for increasing the water-holding capacity and microscopic surface areas that enable the earthworms and other visible and microscopic creatures to flourish. These creatures aerate and mix the soil, and their life and death cycles break down the minerals in the soil and thus make them available as nutrients for the plants. In other words, urine acts more like a chemical fertilizer, feeding not the soil, but the plants directly. So I decided to put the urine in the compost bin instead, which speeded up the decomposition process, and then to use this nitrogen-enriched compost to feed both the soil and the plants .

IMPORTANT NOTE: I want to clearly emphasize here that for the Solviva Salad or any other food produced in the Solviva greenhouse and gardens I did NOT use urine or even the compost containing human urine. Why? Because Western society, especially the United States, has such an extraordinary taboo and prejudice against human body waste. This taboo is for a good reason, because if human waste is not managed properly, as was the case in the Middle Ages and beyond in Europe and still is the case in many parts of the world, it can contaminate water and food with pathogens that can cause disease. Smallpox and cholera epidemics killed millions. Underground sewer pipes and the flush toilet (invented in the mid-1800s in England) greatly reduced health problems stemming from bacteria and parasites present in human feces. But, as we now know, the methods that evolved in western culture for dealing with the wastewater proved to have disastrous effects on the environment and the economy, as I explain again and again in this book.


CATALYST No.2 ... MEDITATION

While living in elegant simplicity and close communication with the plants in the forest, I became increasingly convinced that we can learn to live in harmony with life on Earth. But at the same time I grew ever more despairing over the destruction being perpetrated by modern man. What could I do to make a difference? How could I achieve the clarity of purpose that I observed in the birds, frogs, trees and flowers among whom I lived?

I began to learn about meditation and yearned for the stillness of mind that was said to be possible to achieve. A friend told me about the Insight Meditation Center in Barre, Massachusetts, and I signed up for a two-week retreat led by Joseph Goldstein. This beautiful center, previously a monastery, was filled to capacity with 125 seekers. Sitting meditation alternated with walking meditation, and these were interspersed with working meditation and eating meditation.


Peace of Mind

The object was to be aware of every detail of every gesture in every second, for as many hours as you could stay awake, letting the thoughts go by without getting trapped in them, all in silence and with no eye contact. The schedule started before dawn and went into the night.

The first couple of days were agony. My back and legs were in excruciating pain, but this I could at least contol somewhat by changing positions. But I was horrified to be confronting my uncontrollable, incessantly grinding mind. Plans, ideas and insights were randomly mingled with nonsense and silly repetitive phrases, sabotaging my attempts to count my breaths or repeat a mantra in silence. Joseph reassured us that this was going on, more or less, in everyone's head, even his own, and I couldn't help laughing as I visualized the balloons of silent cacophony rising from the 125 heads in the Great Hall. We were urged to be very patient with our minds, just to notice the amazing scenes go by, without attachment or rejection, and to keep breathing, keep relaxing.

Gradually I started to experience silence in the mind and complete body relaxation, first for just brief moments, then for longer and longer stretches. Each silence was like a golden glow which, paradoxically, both filled and emptied my mind and suffused my body. On the second to last day of the retreat I experienced something I had never imagined could be possible. I was in that golden state of mind and body when I suddenly felt my body bounderies melt away, first my head, then down to the ends of my fingers and toes. I had no sensation of the size or whereabouts of any part of my body. My mind and soul were free, floating somewhere 2 feet or 200 million miles above. I was utterly free of effort, filled with bliss, barely musing that I could remain like that forever - and then what?... In this state I became aware of a quiet, powerful, brilliant presence, not a defined entity but rather a force imbuing everything everywhere, including the limitless me. And in this state I, having no previous experience with religion, silently prayed from the depth of my soul: God, what/whoever you are! Just tell me what to do! I'll do anything to help restore and protect this Garden of Eden....

The answer came promptly, slow and clear, from behind and above my left shoulder: Do No Harm.
Suddenly I was back in my body and in the room. Tears were streaming down my face and my shirt. I had never before felt so completely happy and content. Do No Harm! How simple. Just live in ways that do no harm, live in harmony with life on Earth, and it will again be the Garden of Eden. Now I knew what to do with the rest of my life.

This event fit so well with my discovery of how urine could nourish plants and how this opened up sacred channels of communication. Soon after I returned home, I was talking not only with the plants, but also with the frogs and the birds who lived in the woods. They started to come into the house, where we shared eye/soul contact and conversations. The most extraordinary of these events was with a hummingbird. I had just finished meditating out on the deck and was in that golden state of mind, when I saw the little hummingbird close by, droning along from flower to flower, sipping nectar. I started talking to it in the rather silly, high-pitched, gentle singsong way that I had found effective for communicating with animals.

To my surprise and delight, the tiny creature sat down on a branch just a few feet away, looking at me. I flowed imperceptibly toward it, my hand outstretched, all along talking softly. Soon I found myself ever so gently stroking the little bird, who reacted by visibly relaxing, eyes half closed. Occasionally a dog barked in the distance, and each time the bird bristled and popped open its eyes, but a second later the eyes were again half closed, the body and feathers relaxed, leaning onto my finger. This went on for many minutes... could have gone on forever... and then what? There is indeed SOMETHING going on, beyond what we think of as "normal reality".

These kinds of experiences strengthened my commitment to living in ways that Do No Harm. But I needed more sunlight than was available at the site of the little cottage in the woods, so I decided to move back into the bigger house which I had left two years earlier. Although poorly built and drafty, it had great solar exposure. What I had learned about solar power intrigued me, and I wanted to incorporate it into my new way of living. Thus, with meager funds I immediately set about to increase the solar heating potential of the house.

The first thing I did was to knock out some of the south-facing walls and replace them with large windows. Next I built a deep indoor planting bed below this new long window wall and filled it with good soil from the summer garden. I transplanted dill, parsley, thyme, chives and marigold from the garden and sowed lettuce, spinach, chard, carrots, beets and radishes.

Then I laid up several cords of good seasoned oak firewood and installed the latest state-of-the-art airtight woodstove, especially paying attention to fire safety in every detail.

Then, as winter descended and the sun was pouring in through the windows, I sat back and watched the garden grow. And it grew ... and grew. The dill, for instance, grew to over 5 feet tall. I had always had houseplants, but growing food plants inside in the winter cold was a special thrill.

On a frigid, windy, sunny day in mid-winter my home was one of several open for a solar home tour. Busloads of visitors streamed through, oohing and aahing about the indoor garden and the cozy warmth, especially when they realized that the woodstove was cold and that all the warmth was provided by the sun.
The various pieces of evidence that had unfolded for me over the period of a year or so were powerful indeed. To me they were proof of extraordinary possibilities that I could not ignore. Although I continued my longstanding profession as a weaver, I became restless. My hands continued weaving the wool yarn into soft blankets and shawls, but my mind was weaving a different cloth. In the warp of the impending worldwide doom and gloom I laid in a weft of glorious opportunities for sustainable living.

I decided to open a restaurant to provide wholesome, organic food and also information about sustainable ways to live. I rented a defunct greasy-spoon joint in the center of Vineyard Haven, at cost and in exchange for cleaning it up. A bunch of friends helped remove most of the old grease, and I adorned the naked walls with houseplants, paintings and photographs, weavings and quilts that I brought from home. I offered Good Food for Body, Mind and Spirit, and called it The Rising Sun. I served one entree each night, salads and soups, fresh-baked Swedish bread, and killer desserts. I also offered the space as a forum for music and poetry, slide shows and movies. In the bleak winter on the Vineyard this place became an instant success.

That February we were experiencing a prolonged and severe cold spell, accompanied, as such cold usually is, by clear sunny days. I spent the mornings at home, doing paperwork by the hot woodstove. When it was time to leave for the restaurant, the fire had burned down to glowing embers. If I had stayed home, I would have just let the fire go out and the house would have been toasty all day with just solar power. Then, as the house rapidly lost its warmth in the late afternoon (it was drafty and poorly insulated, had no solar heat storage, and I had not yet made the movable window insulation), I would have relighted the fire for the evening and night. But on the days that I worked in the restaurant I was gone from 11 a.m. to 11 p.m., and, even though it was solar-heated during the day, the house and the woodstove were ice-cold when I got home. It took what seemed forever to build a fire and begin to warm up the stove. This was not very cozy.

But I learned what I thought at the time was a great trick: if I laid firewood on top of the morning's glowing coals, and then closed down the stove completely - the flue damper, the primary draft control in front, as well as the secondary draft control in the back - then the combustion of the wood was greatly reduced because there was no inflow of oxygen. In fact, instead of burning up, the firewood turned to charcoal. When I then returned home at night, I simply opened up the draft a bit, and as oxygen hit the charcoal and the remaining low-glowing embers, voila! there was an instant glorious fire. But what I thought was a great management technique soon proved to be disastrous.


CATALYST No.3 ... FIRE

On February 20 I was down at the restaurant as usual, baking bread and making soup. Suddenly a friend rushed in and reported that he just heard on the emergency radio in a store that my house was on fire. NO, that's impossible, they must be mistaken, it must be one of the neighbors', not mine, no way, my woodstove and installation must be the safest on the island, I left the house just a couple of hours ago and all was well, it can't be, not mine! As we raced in his truck the four miles to my home, I saw over the hill a giant column of smoke rising straight up into the sky. NO, NO, it cannot be my home!!
But as we neared the end of the driveway, I saw the unthinkable. No amount of writhing or screaming could erase the horrible truth: my home was totally engulfed in an inferno.



Amid the crashing explosions and deafening roar I prayed not to
lose the two items that seemed most precious: the family photographs and my daughters' early childhood drawings.
It seemed that if they were destroyed, the footprints of our lives would be erased.

A life raft of friends took me to the house next door, and one of
them told me to drink a whole glass of - whiskey! Indeed it did the trick of releasing me from the grip of hysteria. I finally accepted the reality that my home and perhaps all my belongings had been destroyed. As soon as the fire was out, we went back up to the site. Amid the stinging smoke, stench and grotesquely disfigured remains, I went straight to seek what I had prayed for. There, in the living room, protected under all the debris that had collapsed on top of them, were the family photo albums and in the back bedroom was the box of drawings, all miraculously protected. Though charred around the edges and smoked and soaking wet, they were among the very few things that were saved. No life had been lost: my daughters were away, my dog had been with me, the cat had been outside. Even a little mouse, who had lived in a large terrarium, had been seen by the firemen escaping along the charred, smoking rafters.

A deep joy and gratitude surfaced through the despair, increasing as I began to realize the opportunity that could be born out of this crisis: I could rebuild, this time starting from scratch instead of picking away at a drafty house. This hope was reenforced by a long-lost friend who happened to call a few days after the fire. He had lost both his home and his studio in a fire a few years earlier (fortunately my studio was in another location). But out of this catastrophe his life was reborn far better than it had ever been before.

But there remained a large question: what had caused the fire?
It was obvious that the root cause was the fire in the woodstove, but not even the firemen could figure out how both the woodstove and the chimney had been ripped asunder by a massive explosion.
It was two months after this disaster that I learned of other houses in New England burned down in similar ways, previously unheard of. It was reported that the cause was gas explosions in these new state-of-the-art, super-airtight woodstoves. The explanation was that these new woodstoves, such as I had, could be closed down so airtight that virtually no venting could take place. When firewood is piled on top of a bed of hot coals and the stove is closed down really airtight, the wood heats up and explosive gases continue to emit from the hot wood, and having no oxygen, the gases cannot burn but instead accumulate to critical mass, like a propane gas tank. It was reported that a little back-puff of air down the chimney, plus a bit of glowing coal, is all it takes to ignite the gas and cause a massive explosion. Now I finally knew what had caused the fire.


PHOENIX RISING

These three catalysts, the urine, the meditation and the fire, took place during the 18 months around my 40th birthday. A few months before, I had put a clipping on my refrigerator that read: LIFE BEGINS AT 40. I had certainly known happiness and fulfillment in the first 40 years of my life, but after these three events a very clear vision developed of what my post-childrearing life and mission would be about.

Soon after the fire I set about to design the ideal No Harm Home. I decided to reexamine all aspects of how we live and their effect on economy, security, health, environment and resources near and far. My wish was to build a house that greatly reduces the negative impact that is caused by the normal ways we heat and cool our homes, get our food, and manage our wastewater and solid wastes. I spent the next 16 months searching for the best sustainable and renewable designs and methods. I read everything I could lay my hands on from all over the world and talked with anyone who might have some knowledge. In addition, because I wanted to see for myself what was effective and what was not, I traveled to some innovative places around New England and California, and also to Great Britain where interesting experiments were going on.

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How to contact Anna Edey, Solviva, Trailblazer Press:
18 Solviva Road, Vineyard Haven, MA 02568
Tel: (508) 693-3341- - Cell phone: (774) 563-0898 - - Fax: (508) 693-2228
e-mail: solviva@vineyard.net, website: www.solviva.com

AND, as of January 2014, at Blog/Website: www.solvivagreenlight.com